People and Population
Havesting Rice in the Red River Delta

People & Population

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People & Population
Vietnam People and Population
The Co Lao
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Vietnam is home to over 54 minorities of which the Kinh accounts for over 87%. They have long history and culture which influences dramatically into the Vietnamese polical and societal life.

84,402,966 (July 2006 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 27% (male 11,826,457/female 10,983,069)
15-64 years: 67.1% (male 28,055,941/female 28,614,553)
65 years and over: 5.8% (male 1,924,562/female 2,998,384) (2006 est.)

Median age:
total: 25.9 years
male: 24.8 years
female: 27.1 years (2006 est.)

Population growth rate:
1.02% (2006 est.)

Birth rate:
16.86 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Death rate:
6.22 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Net migration rate:
-0.42 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

Infant mortality rate:
total: 25.14 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 25.54 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 24.72 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 70.85 years
male: 68.05 years
female: 73.85 years (2006 est.)

Total fertility rate:
1.91 children born/woman (2006 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.4% (2003 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
220,000 (2003 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
9,000 (2003 est.)

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, Japanese encephalitis, and plague are high risks in some locations
animal contact disease: rabies
water contact disease: leptospirosis
note: at present, H5N1 avian influenza poses a minimal risk; during outbreaks among birds, rare cases could occur among US personnel who have close contact with infected birds or poultry (2005)

Ethnic groups:
Kinh (Viet) 86.2%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.7%, Muong 1.5%, Khome 1.4%, Hoa 1.1%, Nun 1.1%, Hmong 1%, others 4.1% (1999 census)

Buddhist 9.3%, Catholic 6.7%, Hoa Hao 1.5%, Cao Dai 1.1%, Protestant 0.5%, Muslim 0.1%, none 80.8% (1999 census)

Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer; mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 90.3%
male: 93.9%
female: 86.9% (2002)


Derivatives:  Ke Lao  
Population: 1,865 people (as of 1999)

Locality:  Ha Giang province.   

Customs and Culture
The Co Lao live in houses-on-the-ground. Their society is patriarchal.
Language: The Co Lao language belongs to the Kadai Group.

Women tend to wear a skirt and a best of which the front lap wraps across the body. Their attire can be dark-blue or colorfully-embroidered.

Economy:  The Co Lao grow rice and corn on terraces.